VEDANTA YOGA SANSKRIT




The Guru is Brahma, the Guru is Vishnu, the Guru is Shiva, the God of gods, the Guru is verily the Supreme Brahman. Salutations to the adorable Guru.



Vedanta



    The Absolute Reality which is the fundamental cause of the universe and all beings is full (beyond all limitations which can be caused by time, space, and material). It is pure, free indivisible and homogeneous Consciousness. The individual self (jiva) which appears limited by time, space, and material, or name and form, is also full, pure, free, indivisible and homogeneous Consciousness. The individual Consciousness (self) which is full has come from that Absolute Consciousness which is also full. Here comes a discrepancy. How can something full come from something that is also full and still both remain full? This disparity is solved by the illustration of space. Space is recognized as full, free, pure, boundless, unattached, all-pervading, indivisible and homogeneous. When a barrier is erected in space, we say the space is divided and call it "room space, limited space," etc. If there is dust or contamination in the room, we say the space in the room is dusty or impure. We all know that space cannot be divided or become impure. It is always full, free, pure and indivisible. The divisions are assumed due to the barriers we construct in space. Similar is the nature of the Absolute Consciousness which is the Supreme Reality. Nothing can ever come from It. It alone exists. The separate individuality which one feels is due to the limiting adjuncts of body-mind complex which are, in reality, illusory appearances like dream objects or mirage seen in a desert or a rope mistakenly seen as a snake in dim light. When viewed in its real nature as Pure Consciousness alone, divested of its limitations, the individual Self is known to be one and the same Absolute Consciousness.

    Vedanta is the teachings of the Upanishads (the concluding chapters of the four Vedas), the Brahma Sutras, the Bhagavad Gita, and their commentaries by Shri Sankaracharya, the 8th century philosopher saint. Veda means "knowledge" and anta means "end". Thus Vedanta means "the end of knowledge". Vedanta is that highest spritual knowledge knowing which, there remains nothing further to be known. It is Self knowledge (Atmavidya). It is knowledge of the Absolute Truth (Brahmavidya). Vedanta teaches the real or essential nature of God, the universe, and the individual being (Self) and its oneness with God. The quintessence of the teachings of Vedanta is that Brahman (God) which is Existence, Consciousness and Bliss Absolute is the only Reality and that the universe is an illusory appearance like a mirage seen in a desert or a rope mistakenly seen as a snake, and that the individual being (self) is essentially Brahman or God Himself. This oneness of the self (jiva) with Absolute Consciousness (Brahman or God) is the goal of Vedanta. For want of the right understanding about his real nature, man remains deluded and considers himself limited, unhappy, miserable and beset with innumerable problems. Vedanta shows the way to eradicate these problems once and for all and enables man to attain the highest spiritual enlightenment, peace, happiness and freedom (moksha) from repeated births and deaths. Knowledge of the Self (Atmavidya) and knowledge of the Absolute Consciousness (Brahmavidya) is the highest knowledge to be obtained. It is the highest of all human pursuits.

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Yoga

    Oneness of the Atman (Self) and Brahman (the Absolute Existence, Consciousness and Bliss) is the real goal of Yoga and Vedanta. Yoga has been defined in the Upanishads and the Bhagavad Gita: "When the senses are withdrawn from their respective objects in the outer world, when the mind is controlled and the intellect does not move, that state is called the Supreme State or Yoga."
    [ Katha Upanishad ]

    "Ultimate happiness is the true message of Yoga. Being established in this happiness, one is not shaken by the severest of adversities. It is complete cessation of the experience of pain. Yoga is equanimity of the mind at all times and in all situations."
    [ Bhagavad Gita ]

    "Yoga is absorption in one's True Self by the cessation of all mental activities."
    [ Yoga Sutras ]

    The means of attaining this yoga are: Yama (sensory discipline), niyama (observance of spiritual vows and ethical values), asana (a comfortable posture to sit in meditation undisturbed for a long period of time), pranayama (proper and rhythmic breathing), pratyahara (withdrawal of the senses and mind from external objects), dharana (fixing the mind on the True Self), dhyana (unbroken and continuous meditation on the True Self for a long duration), and nirvikalpa samadhi (absorption in the True Self oblivious of the idea of the meditator and the act of meditating).

    "By nirvikalpa samadhi, the real nature of Brahman is vividly and decidedly realized, never otherwise. In other states, the mind, being unsteady by nature, remains mixed up with other thoughts."  [ Vivekachudamani 365 ]

    Karma yoga (performing all actions as worship of God without seeking their results), Bhakti yoga (loving God wholeheartedly with unswerving devotion), and Jnana yoga or Vedanta (discrimination and right understanding of the Self and the non-self) are also the means to attain yoga.

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Sanskrit

    Culture is cumulative experience—experience stored and transmitted from generation to generation. Language is the tool which a culture fashions for the communication and dissemination of its thoughts and experiences. As a tool of cultural communication, Sanskrit holds a unique place among the languages of the world. It is a language which has come down to us from ancient times without having been diluted. It is the only language which has mothered and nourished a large family of world languages. It is the only language which has developed a scientifically evolved phonetic system and initiated the science of philology very early in its development. On account of this, the great Sanskrit language has been known as Devavani, the language of highly cultured people. The word Sanskrit stands for a language that is refined, cultured and grammatically unsullied. It is Sanskrit that produced the first literature of the world, the Vedas and the only language that presented a scientific and logical philosophy and religion to humanity. It contains a treasury of rich and precious literature on various branches of knowledge handed down to us by the ancient seers and thinkers of India. Sanskrit is the foremost language in the field of spiritual enrichment and true fulfillment of human life. In it one finds all that is fascinating, elevating and nourishing in human experience.

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Om. May all be happy; may all be healthy ;
may all see good in all. May none experience misery.
Om. peace! peace! peace!



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